Ethiopia is prone to a series of disasters, the intensity, multiplicity, coverage and frequency of which have been increasing with time largely due to climate-induced factors. While the country is making decent progress in economic development (economic growth registering an average annual growth of 11 percent for the last seven years), and aims to accelerate it through the Growth and Transformation Plan, there is also a realization of the impact of disasters in rolling back the social and economic gains. Triggered by the Hyogo Framework of Action globally and the Business Process Reengineering in Ethiopia the focus in disaster management made a paradigm shift from a reactive crises management approach to a more proactive risk management one. The foundation to this paradigmatic shift was laid by the launch of the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) as part of the National Food Security Programme in 2004. PSNP is directed to address chronic food insecurity in drought prone weredas of the country and is currently assisting 7.8 million people in 319 weredas in 8 regions of the country.
PSNP is strengthened by the Risk Financing Mechanism which is directed to address the transitory needs in PSNP weredas. The Risk Financing Mechanism rests on four pillars: Early Warning System, Contingency Plan, Contingent Financing and Institutions and Capacity Development.
What is LEAP? LEAP (Livelihood, Early Assessment and Protection) is the Government of Ethiopia (GOE) owned food security early warning tool embedded in the national risk management framework and linked to the US$ 160 million contingent fund. LEAP converts satellite and ground based agro-meteorological data into crop or rangeland production estimates and ultimately into livelihood protection requirements. It also quantifies the financial resources needed to scale up PSNP in case of a major drought.
How LEAP informs Risk Management
Streamlined Capacity Development